• During this phase, the brain develops at its most rapid pace with neurons forming new connections at the surprising rate of 700 to 1,000 per second. This forms the basis for a child’s physical and mental health, lifelong capacity to learn, adapt to change and develop psychological resilience.
  • During this phase, 50–75% of energy consumption is allocated to brain development.
  • In order to boost the brain development, encourage your child to consume brain-friendly diet rich in nutrients and antioxidants, e.g., Fresh seasonal fruits and green leafy vegetables, Lentils, legumes, unsalted peanuts, almonds and walnuts, Poultry without skin, lean meat and eggs, Fish [hilsa, katla, salmon (ravas), mackerel (bhangra)].
  • Stimulation and interaction with parents and caregivers can help in positively and permanently strengthening the ability to learn and may aid in changing brain function for life.
  • Along with nutrition, physical activity and stimulation are equally important that help in promoting brain development.2 Learning taking place during this phase of life lasts a lifetime and helps in achieving great results in future.



  1. Building Better Brains: New Frontiers in Early Childhood Development[Internet].Available at: https://www.unicef.org/earlychildhood/files/Building_better_brains____web(1).pdf. Accessed on Feb 13, 2020.
  2. Nutrition, Brain and Environment: How to have Smarter Babies? Indian Pediatrics. 2003;40:213-20.