Your baby’s first big birthday has arrived. It’s incredible how much your baby has developed in the last 12 months.1 In just a year, your baby has transformed from a new-born into an independent little “on the go” person learning to walk, run, climb, and jump.2,3

From 8 to 12 months of age, your baby will become more and more mobile, a development that will excite and challenge both of you. Being able to move will give your baby their first real taste of physical independence.2 Below are some other milestones to look out for during this time.

Movement Milestones2

Your baby may:

  • Get to sitting position without assistance
  • Crawl forward on belly by pulling with arms and pushing with legs
  • Assume hands-and-knees position
  • Get from sitting to crawling position
  • Pull self-up to stand
  • Walk holding on to furniture
  • Stand briefly without support
  • Walk 2-3 steps without support

Milestones in Hand and Finger Skills2

You baby may:

  • Bang two cubes together
  • Put objects into container/take them out of the container
  • Let go of objects voluntarily
  • Poke with the index finger
  • Imitate scribbling

Language Milestones2

You’ll observe that your baby now:

  • Pays increasing attention to speech and respond to simple verbal requests
  • Responds to “no.”
  • Uses simple gestures, such as shaking head for “no.”
  • Says “dada” and “mama.”
  • Uses exclamations, such as “oh-oh!”
  • Tries to imitate words

Cognitive Milestones2

Your baby may now:

  • Explore objects in multiple ways (shaking, banging, throwing, dropping)
  • Find hidden objects easily
  • Look at the correct picture when the image is named
  • Imitate gestures
  • Begin to use objects correctly (for instance, brushing hair, listening to the receiver)

Social and Emotional Milestones2

Over the past few months, your baby has learned to show emotions. Your baby may:

  • Act shy or anxious with strangers
  • Cry when mother or father leaves
  • Show specific preferences for certain people and toys
  • Tests parental responses to his/her behaviour (e.g. what do you do when they refuse food?)
  • Repeat sounds or gestures for attention
  • Finger-feed themselves
  • Extend arm or leg to help when being dressed

Helping baby development during this time1,4

  • Talk to your baby- Talking to your baby about everyday things will help them understand words better
  • Respond when your baby makes sounds by repeating the sounds and adding words to encourage two-way conversation and build your baby’s communication skills
  • Reading to your baby can encourage their talking and imagination
  • Sing to your baby and play music to help with his/her brain development
  • Cuddling and holding your baby will help them feel safe
  • Play with your baby when he/she’s alert and relaxed. If your baby seems tired or fussy, take a break from playing.

Parenting is hard work! You will be able to enjoy your new baby and be a positive, loving parent only when you are taking good care of yourself.4


  1. 11-12 months: baby development [Internet] Available at: Accessed on Feb 26, 2020.
  2. American Academy of Pediatrics. Developmental Milestones: 12 Months [Internet] [Updated Jun 1, 2009] Available at: Accessed on Feb 26, 2020.
  3. Family resource: Sharing books with your 1-year-old [Internet] Available at: Accessed on Feb 26, 2020.
  4. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Infants (0-1 year of age) [Internet] Available at: Accessed on Feb 26, 2020.