• Crying is the first communication skill developed by babies in early infancy. 
  • Crying could be a sign of discomfort, sadness, anger, pain, or all of them at the same time. 
  • The baby uses different crying sound frequencies for each negative emotion. 
  • Many parents experience this problem during the first 3 months of birth. 
  • However, most of the babies do have any certain cause of crying and most crying subsides by 3-4 months.


The most common reasons for crying include: 

  • Hunger
  • A dirty or wet nappy
  • Tiredness
  • Wanting a cuddle
  • It’s too hot or too cold
  • Feeling of disinterest

How to soothe a crying baby

You can try some of the following ways to calm your crying baby: 

  • Let your baby suckle at your breast, if you are breastfeeding.
  • Having some low noise in the background may distract your baby.
  • Some babies like to have some cloth or a blanket as a comforter.
  • Hold your baby close to you.
  • Move gently holding your baby, sway and dance, talk to them, and sing.
  • Rock your baby or go out for a walk or a drive.
  • Let them listen to some music or something to look at.
  • Try to stroke your baby's back firmly and rhythmically.
  • Talk to your baby soothingly.
  • If none of these work and your baby continues to cry you can talk to the paediatrician for advice.


  1. Alsaeed GI, Alsaeed IG, Alsaeed MG, et al. “The Crying Baby: Differential Diagnosis and Management Plan”. Acta Scientific Paediatrics. 2019;2(7):12-16.
  2. Soothing a crying baby[Internet]. Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/soothing-crying-baby/. Accessed on Aug 26, 2020.