Here are four common questions and answers about what healthy pregnancy weight gain looks like and calorie requirements during pregnancy. If you've ever wondered exactly, "What is healthy pregnancy weight gain?" now is the time to find out!
Q: How many more calories should I consume a day while pregnant?
A: By month four, you should be consuming about 300–500 more calories a day. Nutritious ones, of course. An aloo cheese sandwich on whole wheat with ketchup is a simple, but good, example of where those extra calories could come from.
Q: How much weight will I gain during pregnancy?
A: On average, you should expect to gain 11 to 16 kg during your pregnancy. Women who are lean may need to put on a little more weight to store extra energy. If you started out a bit heavier, you might need to gain less. If you're having twins, you should expect to gain around 15 to 18 kg.
Q: How much of my pregnancy weight is actually my baby?
A: About 25% of this weight is from your baby. Another 10% is the placenta and amniotic fluid. The rest is what's called "support services," or things that are vital for the baby, like increased blood volume, breast and uterine tissues, and fat stores. This chart breaks it down:
Q: How quickly will I gain weight?
A: Weight gain is usually slow during the first three months. Your baby is still tiny. After this, your baby begins to grow more quickly, and so will you. Starting at 14 weeks, you'll gain about 0.2 to 0.68 kg each week. Although everyone is different, here's a guideline of what you can expect. Keep an eye on the numbers and discuss with your doctor to ensure your own healthy pregnancy weight gain.
You might gain irregularly. You might gain steadily or hit a bump in your second trimester. Everyone's pregnancy is different. As long as you do your best to make healthy choices and know your guidelines, you should be in good condition once your little one arrives.
- Data on file
- Krishnaswamy K, Sesikeran B. Dietary Guidelines for Indians –A Manual. National Institute of Nutrition;2011.