Specialists have demonstrated that the early years of a child’s life have a profound effect in later health and development. This occurs because the brain starts to develop in the womb continues to develop until early childhood.1,2

The brain development occurring in the first few years lay the foundation for future learning, health and life success.1

In addition to the genes, brain development also depends on upon:1

  • Appropriate nutrition received during the start of pregnancy
  • Exposure to infections or toxins
  • Experience with other individuals and the world

At the age of two, dramatic changes occur in your child’s language areas. These changes increase the child’s language abilities leading to vocabulary explosion. You child’s vocabulary will increase almost four times between his first and second birthday. 2

Also, by your child’s second birthday, their brain will start performing complex tasks. Your child will become more aware of their own emotions and intentions. 2

They will recognize their own reflection in the mirror. Soon they will also begin to use their own name as well as pronouns words likes “I” and “me”. 2

Helping toddler development at 2-3 years3

  • Encourage your child to play with others. Playing together is a great way to make friends and learn social skills.
  • Encourage skills like putting on socks, using a glass. These skills not only involve both small and big muscle movements but also stimulate their ability to think.
  • Talking to your toddler help develop language and vocabulary.
  • Reading stories to your child will encourage their imaginative skills.
  • Let your toddler help you with cooking; this might interest them in developing a likeness for healthy food.


  1. Early Brain Development and Health [Internet]. Available from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/childdevelopment/early-brain-development.html. Accessed on 28th February 2020
  2. Baby’s Brain Begins Now: Conception to Age 3. Available from http://www.urbanchildinstitute.org/why-0-3/baby-and-brain. Accessed on 28th February 2020.
  3. 2-3 years: toddler development. Available from https://raisingchildren.net.au/toddlers/development/development-tracker-1-3-years/2-3- years. Accessed on 28th February 2020.